Monteverde's blanket of cloud forest folds over the Tilaran Mountains; each crease yields a variation in its habitat. Species that can’t migrate fast enough or adapt to their new dry environment will go extinct. This is the green planet. The Monteverde area does not have a proper dry season; instead, the drier season lasts from Dec.-April. As cloud coverage at low elevation is reduced, intense sunlight causes temperatures to rise which can have a great impact on the hydrologic system of the forest. Not surprisingly plants are slowly moving upward as well. It can be seen in the pictures above that as we continue hiking up to the Continental Divide, vegetation begins tall and shortens with altitude. Because most of the area is covered in cloud forest, the weather isnât great year-round. A consistent inflow of warm, moist air from the Atlantic ascending the mountains creates the perfect conditions for a cloud forest. Swain, Daniel. Monteverde has dry periods in January, February and March. The mean minimum temperature will be 18°C, dipping to its lowest on the morning of Saturday 17th at 17°C. Web. Cloud forests often exhibit an abundance of mossescovering the ground and vegetation, in which case they are also referred to as mossy forests. At higher altitudes, there is less wildlife due to the fact that winds are generally stronger and temperatures are much cooler. A True Cloud Forest. Since then, more than 40 privately protected reserves have sprawled and some 230,000 tourists visit the area every year. Taller vegetation at lower altitudes where wind is not a hindrance to growth and temperatures are generally warmer, and shorter vegetation at higher altitudes due to the stronger winds putting stress on the plants and the colder temperatures that come with these strong ascending winds (since air cools at is rises). There are many topics pertaining to the Monteverde Cloud Forest that we could speak on, but we will be focusing on two: typical weather patterns and their indications, and the noticeable effects of climate change. The vast cloud forest in Monteverde, Costa Rica is one of the worlds many biodiversity hotspots. What we call clouds are actually mist produced by the high humidity at the elevation of 1,600 meters above sea level. If nothing is done to slow climate change, the cloud forest and all its secrets will surely be lost forever. According to a bat researcher named Vino Backer, it was estimated that for an average temperature rise of 2° Celsius, bats will climb 400 meters in altitude. “Special Update on El Niño 2014: Recent Observations, Forecasts, and Potential Impacts in California.” California Weather Blog. A thin sheen of dew collects on the leaves and the moss dripping down to the forest floor. Twenty years after started cultivating coffee, which, in addition to the dairy industry, remains a major source of income for the region’s residents. 1989. The current ocean temperature anomalies suggest that a strong El Niño event remains possible, and additionally may be an East Pacific-centered event (Swain). The Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve protects 26,000 acres of almost entirely virgin forest in an area of constant high humidity which results in almost constant water vapour in the air, aka clouds. toward the southwest) off the Atlantic Ocean bringing moist air that ascends the east side of the mountains, creating clouds and producing precipitation. Among the trees, ferns and flowers dwell Costa Rica's few surviving jaguars as well as tapirs, agoutis, peccaries, sloths and 130 species of mammals. (The linked video was taken at the Continental Divide in Monteverde Biological Reserve). 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